Brighton (/ˈbraɪtən/) is a seaside resort in the county of East Sussex. It is a constituent ration of the city of Brighton and Hove, created from the formerly remove towns of Brighton and Hove. Brighton is located upon the south coast of England, positioned 47 miles (76 km) south of London.
Archaeological evidence of concurrence in the area dates incite to the Bronze Age, Roman and Anglo-Saxon periods. The ancient deal of “Brighthelmstone” was documented in the Domesday Book (1086). The town’s importance grew in the Middle Ages as the Old Town developed, but it languished in the early enlightened period, affected by foreign attacks, storms, a suffering economy and a declining population. Brighton began to attract more visitors taking into consideration improved road transport to London and becoming a boarding tapering off for boats travelling to France. The town along with developed in popularity as a health resort for sea bathing as a purported cure for illnesses.
In the Georgian era, Brighton developed as a trendy seaside resort, encouraged by the patronage of the Prince Regent, later King George IV, who spent much era in the town and build up the Royal Pavilion in the Regency era. Brighton continued to accumulate as a major centre of tourism taking into consideration the beginning of the railways in 1841, becoming a popular destination for day-trippers from London. Many of the major attractions were built in the Victorian era, including the Grand Hotel, the Hilton Brighton Metropole, the Palace Pier and the West Pier. The town continued to build up into the 20th century, expanding to incorporate more areas into the town’s boundaries before joining Hove to form the unitary authority of Brighton and Hove in 1997, which was arranged city status in 2000. Today, Brighton and Hove district has a resident population of approximately 290,395 and the wider Brighton and Hove conurbation has a population of 474,485 (2011 census).[note 1]
Brighton’s location has made it a popular destination for tourists, renowned for its diverse communities, quirky shopping areas, large cultural, music and arts scene and its large LGBT population, leading to its admission as the “unofficial cheerful capital of the UK”. Brighton attracted 7.5 million hours of daylight visitors in 2015/16 and 4.9 million overnight visitors, and is the most popular seaside destination in the UK for overseas tourists. Brighton has been called the UK’s “hippest city” and “the happiest place to alive in the UK”. Along in the same way as Norwich, Brighton was confirmed one of the UK’s most ‘Godless’ cities.