Dorset (/ˈdɔːrsɪt/; archaically: Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast. The ceremonial county comprises the unitary authority areas of Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole and Dorset. Covering an Place of 2,653 square kilometres (1,024 sq mi), Dorset borders Devon to the west, Somerset to the north-west, Wiltshire to the north-east, and Hampshire to the east. The county town is Dorchester which is in the south. After the reorganisation of local giving out in 1974 the county’s affix was outstretched eastward to incorporate the Hampshire towns of Bournemouth and Christchurch. Around half of the population lives in the South East Dorset conurbation, while the in flames of the county is largely rural taking into consideration a low population density.
The county has a long records of human settlement stretching help to the Neolithic era. The Romans conquered Dorset’s indigenous Celtic tribe, and during the Early Middle Ages, the Saxons granted the area and made Dorset a shire in the 7th century. The first recorded Viking raid upon the British Isles occurred in Dorset during the eighth century, and the Black Death entered England at Melcombe Regis in 1348. Dorset has seen much civil unrest: in the English Civil War, an uprising of vigilantes was crushed by Oliver Cromwell’s forces in a pitched fight near Shaftesbury; the doomed Monmouth Rebellion began at Lyme Regis; and a intervention of farm labourers from Tolpuddle were instrumental in the formation of the trade hold movement. During the Second World War, Dorset was heavily full of zip in the preparations for the violence of Normandy, and the large harbours of Portland and Poole were two of the main embarkation points. The former was the sailing venue in the 2012 Summer Olympics, and both have clubs or hire venues for sailing, Cornish pilot gig rowing, sea kayaking and powerboating.
Dorset has a varied landscape featuring expansive elevated chalk downs, steep limestone ridges and low-lying clay valleys. Over half the county is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Three-quarters of its coastline is ration of the Jurassic Coast Natural World Heritage Site due to its geological and palaeontologic significance. It features notable landforms such as Lulworth Cove, the Isle of Portland, Chesil Beach and Durdle Door. Agriculture was traditionally the major industry of Dorset but is now in end and tourism has become increasingly important to the economy. There are no motorways in Dorset but a network of A roads incensed the county and two railway main lines attach to London. Dorset has ports at Poole, Weymouth and Portland, and an international airport close Bournemouth. The county has a variety of museums, theatres and festivals, and is host to the Great Dorset Steam Fair, one of the biggest comings and goings of its kind in Europe. It is the birthplace of Thomas Hardy, who used the county as the principal mood of his novels, and William Barnes, whose poetry celebrates the ancient Dorset dialect.