Peterborough (/ˈpiːtərbərə, -ˌbʌrə/ (listen)) is a cathedral city in Cambridgeshire, England, with a population of 202,110 in 2017. Historically ration of Northamptonshire, it is 76 miles (122 km) north of London, on the River Nene which flows into the North Sea 30 miles (48 km) to the north-east. The railway station is an important End on the East Coast Main Line along with London and Edinburgh. The city is as well as 70 miles (110 km) east of Birmingham, 38 miles (61 km) east of Leicester, 81 miles (130 km) south of Kingston on Hull and 65 miles (105 km) west of Norwich.
The local topography is flat, and in some places the home lies under sea level, for example in parts of the Fens to the east of Peterborough. Human concurrence in the Place began back the Bronze Age, as can be seen at the Flag Fen archaeological site to the east of the current city centre, also following evidence of Roman occupation. The Anglo-Saxon period proverb the introduction of a monastery, Medeshamstede, which progressive became Peterborough Cathedral.
The population grew rudely after the railways arrived in the 19th century, and Peterborough became an industrial centre, particularly known for its brick manufacture. After the Second World War, growth was limited until designation as a New Town in the 1960s. Housing and population are expanding and a £1 billion regeneration of the city middle and hastily surrounding area is below way. Industrial employment has fallen since then, a significant proportion of supplementary jobs instinctive in financial facilities and distribution.