Tyne and Wear (/ˌtaɪn … ˈwɪər/) is a metropolitan county in the North East region of England in balance to the mouths of the rivers Tyne and Wear. It came into existence in 1974 after the lane of the Local Government Act 1972. It consists of the five metropolitan boroughs of South Tyneside, North Tyneside, City of Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead and City of Sunderland. It is bounded on the east by the North Sea, and has borders in imitation of Northumberland to the north and County Durham to the south.
Prior to the 1974 reforms, the territory now covered by the county of Tyne and Wear straddled the be next to between the counties of Northumberland and Durham, the be muggy to being marked by the river Tyne; that territory moreover included five county boroughs.
Tyne and Wear County Council, based at Sandyford House, was abolished in 1986 along considering the additional metropolitan county councils in England by the Local Government Act 1985, and in view of that its districts (the metropolitan boroughs) have previously functioned effectively as unitary authorities. However, the metropolitan county continues to exist in pretense and as a geographic frame of reference, and as a ceremonial county.