Amesbury (/ˈeɪmzbəri/) is a town and civil parish in Wiltshire, England. It is most famous for the very old monument of Stonehenge which is in its parish, and for the discovery of the Amesbury Archer—dubbed the King of Stonehenge in the press—in 2002. It has been acknowledged by archaeologists that it is the oldest constantly occupied deal in the United Kingdom, having been first settled nearly 8820 BC.
King Alfred the Great left it in his will, a copy of which is in the British Library, to his youngest son Aethelweard (c. 880–922).
Eleanor of Provence, queen consort of Henry III of England, died in Amesbury on 24 or 25 June 1291, and was buried in Amesbury Priory.
The parish includes the hamlets of Ratfyn and West Amesbury, and most of Boscombe Down military airfield.