Ashton-under-Lyne is a make public town in Tameside, Greater Manchester, England. The population was 45,198 at the 2011 census.Historically in Lancashire, it is on the north bank of the River Tame, in the foothills of the Pennines, 6.2 miles (10.0 km) east of Manchester.
Evidence of Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Viking protest has been discovered in Ashton-under-Lyne. The “Ashton” part of the town’s pronounce probably dates from the Anglo-Saxon period, and derives from Old English meaning “settlement by ash trees”. The heritage of the “under-Lyne” suffix is less clear; it possibly derives from the British lemo meaning elm or from Ashton’s proximity to the Pennines. In the Middle Ages, Ashton-under-Lyne was a parish and township and Ashton Old Hall was held by the de Asshetons, lords of the manor. Granted a Royal Charter in 1414, the manor spanned a rural area consisting of marshland, moorland, and a number of villages and hamlets.
Until the instigation of the cotton trade in 1769, Ashton was considered “bare, wet, and nearly worthless”. The factory system, and textile produce during the Industrial Revolution triggered a process of unplanned urbanisation in the area, and by the mid-19th century Ashton had emerged as an important mill town at a convergence of newly build up canals and railways. Ashton-under-Lyne’s transport network allowed for an economic boom in cotton spinning, weaving, and coal mining, which led to the granting of municipal borough status in 1847.
In the mid-20th century, imports of cheaper foreign goods led to the fall of Ashton’s heavy industries but the town has continued to flourish as a centre of commerce and Ashton Market is one of the largest external markets in the United Kingdom. The 140,000-square-foot (13,000 m2), two-floored Ashton Arcades shopping centre opened in 1995 and an IKEA heap in 2006.