Bacup (/ˈbeɪkəp/ BAY-kəp) is a town in Lancashire, England, in the South Pennines near to Lancashire’s boundary later than West Yorkshire. The town is in the Rossendale Valley and the upper Irwell Valley, 3.5 miles (5.6 km) east of Rawtenstall, 6.4 miles (10.3 km) north of Rochdale, and 7 miles (11 km) south of Burnley. At the 2011 Census, Bacup had a population of 13,323.
Bacup emerged as a unity following the Anglo-Saxon treaty of Britain in the Early Middle Ages. For centuries, it was a small and obscure centre of domestic flannel and woollen cloth production, and many of the indigenous weavers’ cottages survive today as listed buildings. Following the Industrial Revolution, Bacup became a mill town, growing up in this area the now covered beyond bridge crossing the River Irwell and the North-South / East-West crossroad at its centre. During that grow old its landscape became dominated by distinctive and large rectangular woollen and cotton mills. Bacup conventional a charter of assimilation in 1882, giving it municipal borough status and its own elected town government, consisting of a mayor, aldermen and councillors to oversee local affairs.
In the late 20th century, Bacup became part of the borough of Rossendale. Bacup’s historic character, culture and festivities have encouraged the town’s suburbanisation and redevelopment as a more cosmopolitancommuter town for Manchester and additional North West towns and cities, whilst English Heritage has proclaimed Bacup as the best preserved cotton town in England, and its town middle is designated as a protected area for its special architectural qualities.