Beckenham (/ˈbɛkənəm/) is a town in Greater London, England, within the London Borough of Bromley. It borders Beckenham area Park and Bellingham in the London Borough of Lewisham (to the north) and is centred 8.4 miles (13.5 km) south-east of Charing Cross. Its population at the 2011 census counted 46,844 inhabitants. Beckenham is in the historic county of Kent.
Beckenham was, until the coming of the railway in 1857, a little village, with most of its land being rural and private parkland. John Barwell Cator and his relations began the leasing and selling of estate for the building of villas which led to a brusque increase in population, between 1850 and 1900, from 2,000 to 26,000. Housing and population addition has continued at a lesser pace back 1900.
The town, directly west of Bromley, has areas of commerce and industry, principally in the region of the curved network of streets featuring its tall street and is served in transport by three main railway stations — nine within the proclaim town — plus towards its western periphery two Tramlink stations. In common gone the stop of Bromley, the largest borough of London by area, Beckenham has several pockets of recreational land which are a combination of sports grounds, fishing ponds and parks.