Berkhamsted (/ˈbɜːrkəmstɛd/ BUR-kəm-sted) is a medium sized historic publicize town in Hertfordshire, England, in the Bulbourne valley, 26 miles (42 km) northwest of London. The town is a civil parish in the same way as a town council within the borough of Dacorum based in the neighbouring large supplementary town of Hemel Hempstead. Berkhamsted and the next to village of Northchurch are surrounded by countryside, much of it in the Chiltern Hills, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB).
The High Street is upon a pre-Roman route known by its Saxon publish Akeman Street. The archaic written mention to Berkhamsted was in 970. The pact was recorded as a burbium (ancient borough) in the Domesday Book in 1086. The most notable situation in the town’s archives occurred in December 1066. After William the Conqueror defeated King Harold’s Anglo-Saxon army at the Battle of Hastings, the Anglo-Saxon leadership surrendered to the Norman encampment at Berkhamsted. The situation was recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. From 1066 to 1495, Berkhamsted Castle was a favoured quarters of royalty and notable historical figures, including Henry II, Edward, the Black Prince, Thomas Becket and Geoffrey Chaucer. In the 13th and 14th centuries, the town was a wool trading town, with a thriving local market. The oldest known extant jettied timber-framed building in Great Britain, built amid 1277 and 1297, survives as a shop upon the town’s high street.
After the castle was on your own in 1495, the town went into decline, losing its borough status in the second half of the 17th century. Colonel Daniel Axtell, captain of the Parliamentary Guard at the events and carrying out of Charles I in 1649, was among those born in Berkhamsted. Modern Berkhamsted began to proceed after the canal and the railway were built in the 19th century. In the 21st century, Berkhamsted has evolved into an successful commuter town.
The town’s scholastic connections increase the 17th century hymnist and poet William Cowper, the 18th century writer Maria Edgeworth, and the 20th century novelist Graham Greene. Arts institutions in the town increase The Rex, Berkhamsted (a skillfully regarded independent cinema) and the British Film Institute’s BFI National Archive at King’s Hill which is one of the largest film and television history in the world. Schools in the town affix Berkhamsted School a co-educational boarding independent school (founded in 1541 by John Incent, Dean of St Paul’s Cathedral); Ashlyns School a let pass school, whose history began as the Foundling Hospital standard in London by Thomas Coram in 1742; and Ashridge Executive Education, a business assistant professor offering degree level courses, which occupies the Grade I listed neo-Gothic Ashridge House.