Birkenhead (/ˌbɜːrkənˈhɛd/) is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, Merseyside, England. Historically until 1974 in Cheshire, it is upon the Wirral Peninsula, along the west bank of the River Mersey, opposite the city of Liverpool. At the 2011 census, it had a population of 88,818.
Birkenhead Priory and the Mersey Ferry were received in the 12th century. In the 19th century, Birkenhead expanded greatly moreover of the Industrial Revolution. Birkenhead Park and Hamilton Square were laid out as without difficulty as the first street tramway in Britain. The Mersey Railway joined Birkenhead and Liverpool, with the world’s first tunnel beneath a tidal estuary, and the shipbuilding definite Cammell Laird and a seaport were established.
In the second half of the 20th century, the town suffered a significant epoch of decline, with containerisation causing a reduction in harbor activity. The Wirral Waters onslaught is planned to regenerate much of the dockland.