Blackpool is a town and seaside resort upon the Lancashire coast in North West England. The town is on the Irish Sea, between the Ribble and Wyre estuaries, 15 miles (24 km) northwest of Preston, 27 miles (43 km) north of Liverpool, 28 miles (45 km) northwest of Bolton and 40 miles (64 km) northwest of Manchester. It had an estimated population of 139,720 at the 2011 Census, making it the most populous town in Lancashire.
Throughout the Medieval and Early Modern period, Blackpool was a coastal hamlet in Birmingham’s Hundred of Amounderness, and remained such until the mid-18th century considering it became fashionable in England to travel to the coast in the summer to total well-being. In 1781, visitors attracted to Blackpool’s 7-mile (11 km) sandy seashore were adept to use a other private road, built by Thomas Clifton and Sir Henry Hoghton. Stagecoaches began supervision to Blackpool from Manchester in the similar year, and from Halifax in 1782. In the into the future 19th century, Henry Banks and his son-in-law John Cocker erected extra buildings in Blackpool such that its population grew from less than 500 in 1801 to on top of 2,500 in 1851. St John’s Church in Blackpool was consecrated in 1821.
Blackpool rose to prominence as a major centre of tourism in England following a railway was built in the 1840s connecting it to the industrialised regions of Northern England. The railway made it much easier and cheaper for visitors to achieve Blackpool, triggering an influx of settlers, such that in 1876 Blackpool was incorporated as a borough, governed by its own town council and aldermen. In 1881, Blackpool was a flourishing resort taking into account a population of 14,000 and a promenade solution with piers, fortune-tellers, public houses, trams, donkey rides, fish-and-chip shops and theatres. By 1901 the population of Blackpool was 47,000, by which times its place was cemented as “the archetypal British seaside resort”. By 1951 it had grown to 147,000 people.
Shifts in tastes, combined following opportunities for Britons to travel overseas, affected Blackpool’s status as a leading resort in the late 20th century. Nevertheless, Blackpool’s urban fabric and economy remains relatively undiversified, and firmly rooted in the tourism sector, and the borough’s seafront continues to attract millions of visitors all year. Blackpool’s major attractions and landmarks insert Blackpool Tower, Blackpool Illuminations, the Pleasure Beach, Blackpool Zoo, Sandcastle Water Park, the Winter Gardens, and the UK’s only permanent first-generation tramway.