Bolton (/ˈbɒltən/ (listen), locally /ˈboʊtən/) is a town in Greater Manchester in North West England. A former mill town, Bolton has been a production middle for textiles back Flemish weavers decided in the Place in the 14th century, introducing a wool and cotton-weaving tradition. The urbanisation and spread of the town largely coincided once the start of textile develop during the Industrial Revolution. Bolton was a 19th-century boomtown, and at its summit in 1929 its 216 cotton mills and 26 bleaching and dyeing works made it one of the largest and most productive centres of cotton spinning in the world. The British cotton industry declined tersely after the First World War, and by the 1980s cotton develop had more or less ceased in Bolton.
Close to the West Pennine Moors, Bolton is 10 miles (16 km) northwest of Manchester. It is between several smaller towns and villages that together form the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, of which Bolton is the administrative centre. The town of Bolton has a population of 139,403, whilst the wider metropolitan borough has a population of 262,400. Historically ration of Lancashire, Bolton originated as a small settlement in the moorland known as Bolton le Moors. In the English Civil War, the town was a Parliamentarian outpost in a staunchly Royalist region, and fittingly was stormed by 3,000 Royalist troops led by Prince Rupert of the Rhine in 1644. In what became known as the Bolton Massacre, 1,600 residents were killed and 700 were taken prisoner.
Bolton Wanderers football club play home games at the University of Bolton Stadium and the WBA World light-welterweight champion Amir Khan was born in the town. Cultural interests count up the Octagon Theatre and the Bolton Museum and Art Gallery, as capably as one of the earliest public libraries time-honored after the Public Libraries Act 1850.