Bournemouth /ˈbɔːrnməθ/ (listen) is a coastal resort town on the south coast of England. At the 2011 census, the town had a population of 183,491, making it the largest in the administrative county of Dorset. With Poole to the west and Christchurch in the east, Bournemouth is portion of the South East Dorset conurbation, which has a population of 465,000.
Before it was founded in 1810 by Lewis Tregonwell, the area was a abandoned heathland occasionally visited by fishermen and smugglers. Initially marketed as a health resort, the town standard a boost subsequently it appeared in Augustus Granville’s 1841 book, The Spas of England. Bournemouth’s buildup accelerated as soon as the arrival of the railway, and it became a town in 1870. Historically allowance of Hampshire, it joined Dorset with the reorganisation of local dispensation in 1974. Through local supervision changes in 1997, the town began to be administered by a unitary authority independent of Dorset County Council, although it remains allocation of that ceremonial county. Since April 2019 the unitary authority has been merged considering that of Poole, as well as the non-metropolitan district of Christchurch to create the Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole unitary authority.
The town centre has notable Victorian architecture and the 202-foot (62 m) spire of St Peter’s Church, one of three Grade I listed churches in the borough, is a local landmark. Bournemouth’s location has made it a popular destination for tourists, attracting greater than five million visitors annually later than its beaches and popular nightlife. The town is plus a regional centre of business, home of the Bournemouth International Centre or BIC, and a financial sector that is worth more than £1,000 million in terrifying value added.