Brierley (/ˈbraɪ.ərli/) is a little town and former civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley in South Yorkshire, England. The civil parish was abolished in 2016. The concurrence is tightly clustered and green buffered upon a modest escarpment near to the link up with West Yorkshire, it is more or less wholly in population south of the A628 road, and is less than 2 miles (3 km) to the south west of Hemsworth.
Its late nineteenth century founded civil parish contained the pit village of Grimethorpe, and at the 2001 census had a population of 5,973, increasing to 7,267 in the 2011 Census. Brierley is at its core approximately 330 feet (100 m) above sea level upon gently undulating slopes.
Brierley was an in advance Saxon settlement. The fort at Brierley Gap, mistakenly called Saxon, is from a much earlier period, probably the Iron Age. The village grew first with insinuation to the hill top upon the Barnsley to Pontefract road where a little hollow and the sites of several wells provided a great building area.
Along Ket Hill Lane, coal seams take over the surface and form part of the soil for that reason coal must have been known to these beforehand farmers. Sandstone and coal in alternate layers are the underlying rocks of the area. In the Domesday Book, Brierley is referred to as ‘Brerelia’ in the wapentake of Staincross. The actual Domesday Book spelling is ‘Breselia’ but everything ensuing documents use ‘Brerelia’ as the exact form.
Later, this say became ‘Brereley’, then Brearley from which we gain one of our ahead of its time pronunciations. It was first spelt as ‘Brierley’ in some documents relating to the leasing of Brierley Manor by descendants of the Harryngton family, from Queen Elizabeth I in 1572.