Cambridge (/ˈkeɪmbrɪdʒ/KAYM-brij) is a academic world city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately 50 miles (80 km) north of London. At the United Kingdom Census 2011, its population was 123,867 including 24,506 students. Cambridge became an important trading middle during the Roman and Viking ages, and there is archaeological evidence of treaty in the Place as in advance as the Bronze Age. The first town charters were contracted in the 12th century, although liberal city status was not officially conferred until 1951.
The University of Cambridge was founded in 1209. The buildings of the academic world include King’s College Chapel, Cavendish Laboratory, and the Cambridge University Library, one of the largest real deposit libraries in the world. The city’s skyline is dominated by several university buildings, along next the spire of the Our Lady and the English Martyrs Church, and the chimney of Addenbrooke’s Hospital. Anglia Ruskin University, which evolved from the Cambridge School of Art and the Cambridgeshire College of Arts and Technology, also has its main campus in the city.
Cambridge is at the heart of the high-technology Silicon Fen subsequently industries such as software and bioscience and many start-up companies born out of the university. Over 40 per cent of the workforce have a future education qualification, more than twice the national average. The Cambridge Biomedical Campus, one of the largest biomedical research clusters in the world, is soon to home premises of AstraZeneca, a hotel, and the relocated Papworth Hospital.
The first game of link football took place at Parker’s Piece. The Strawberry Fair music and arts festival and Midsummer Fair are held upon Midsummer Common, and the annual Cambridge Beer Festival takes place on Jesus Green. The city is neighboring the M11 and A14 roads. Cambridge station is less than an hour from London King’s Cross railway station.