Cardiff (Welsh: Caerdydd [kairˈdiːð, kaːɨrˈdɨːð] (listen)) the capital and largest city of Wales, is the United Kingdom’s eleventh-largest city. It is Wales’ chief poster centre, the base for most national cultural institutions and Welsh media, and the chair of the National Assembly for Wales. At the 2011 census, the unitary authority area population was estimated to be 346,090, and the wider urban Place 479,000. Cardiff is a significant tourist middle and the most popular visitor destination in Wales past 21.3 million visitors in 2017. In 2011, Cardiff was ranked sixth in the world in National Geographic’s different tourist destinations.
Cardiff is the county town of the historic county of Glamorgan, and in 1974, South Glamorgan. Cardiff is ration of the Eurocities network of the largest European cities. A small town until the to the front 19th century, its beat as a major harbor for the transport of coal behind the arrival of industry in the region contributed to its rise as a major city. In 1905, Cardiff was made a city and proclaimed the capital of Wales in 1955. In the 2011 Census, the population was 346,090. The Cardiff Built-up Area covers a slightly larger area outside the county boundary and includes the towns of Dinas Powys and Penarth.
Since the 1980s, Cardiff has seen significant development. A other waterfront area at Cardiff Bay contains the Senedd building, home to the Welsh Assembly and the Wales Millennium Centre arts complex. Current developments count up the continuation of the redevelopment of the Cardiff Bay and city centre areas later than projects such as the Cardiff International Sports Village, the BBC performing village, and a new business district in the city centre.
Sporting venues in the city adjoin the Principality Stadium—the national stadium and the house of the Wales national rugby sticking together team—Sophia Gardens (the home of Glamorgan County Cricket Club), Cardiff City Stadium (the home of Cardiff City football team and the Wales football team), Cardiff International Sports Stadium (the house of Cardiff Amateur Athletic Club), Cardiff Arms Park (the house of Cardiff Blues and Cardiff RFC rugby sticking to teams) and Ice Arena Wales (the home of Cardiff Devils ice hockey team). The city hosted the 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games. Cardiff was awarded European City of Sport due to its role in hosting major international sporting undertakings in 2009 and another time in 2014. The Principality Stadium hosted 11 football matches as ration of the 2012 Summer Olympics, including the games’ opening business and the men’s bronze medal match.