Derry, officially Londonderry (/ˈlʌndəndɛri/), is the second-largest city in Northern Ireland and the fourth-largest city on the island of Ireland. The publicize Derry is an anglicisation of the Old Irish reveal Daire (modern Irish: Doire [ˈd̪ˠɛɾʲə]) meaning “oak grove”. In 1613, the city was granted a Royal Charter by King James I and gained the “London” prefix to reflect the funding of its construction by the London guilds. While the city is more usually known colloquially as Derry, Londonderry is then commonly used and remains the authentic name.
The out of date walled city lies upon the west bank of the River Foyle, which is spanned by two road bridges and one footbridge. The city now covers both banks (Cityside upon the west and Waterside on the east). The population of the city was 83,652 at the 2001 Census, while the Derry Urban Area had a population of 90,736. The district administered by Derry City and Strabane District Council contains both Londonderry Port and City of Derry Airport.
Derry is close to the border with County Donegal, with which it has had a near link for many centuries. The person traditionally seen as the founder of the indigenous Derry is Saint Colmcille, a holy man from Tír Chonaill, the archaic name for almost whatever of liberal County Donegal, of which the west bank of the Foyle was a part in the past 1610.
In 2013, Derry was the inaugural UK City of Culture, having been awarded the title in 2010.