Devizes /dɪˈvaɪzɪz/ is a puff town and civil parish in the centre of Wiltshire, England. It developed concerning Devizes Castle, an 11th-century Norman castle, and standard a charter in 1141 permitting regular markets, which are held weekly in an retrieve market place. The castle was besieged during the Anarchy, a 12th-century civil proceedings between Stephen of England and Empress Matilda, and once more during the English Civil War afterward the Cavaliers (Royalists) lifted the siege during the Battle of Roundway Down. Devizes remained below Royalist run until 1645, when Oliver Cromwell attacked and provoked the Royalists to surrender. The castle was destroyed in 1648 on the orders of Parliament, and today Tiny remains of it.
From the 16th century Devizes became known for its textiles, and by the in front 18th century it held the largest corn publicize in the West Country, constructing the Corn Exchange in 1857. In the 18th century, brewing, curing of tobacco, and snuff-making were established. The Wadworth Brewery was founded in the town in 1875.
Standing at the west edge of the Vale of Pewsey, the town is very nearly 10.5 miles (16.9 km) southeast of Chippenham and 11 miles (18 km) east-north-east of the county town of Trowbridge. It has nearly five hundred listed buildings, some notable churches, a town hall and a green in the middle of the town.