Glasgow (/ˈɡlæzɡoʊ/, also UK: /ˈɡlɑːzɡoʊ, ˈɡlɑːsɡoʊ/,US: /ˈɡlæsɡoʊ, ˈɡlæskoʊ/;Scots: Glesga [ˈɡlezɡə]; Scottish Gaelic: Glaschu [ˈkl̪ˠas̪əxu]) is the most populous city in Scotland, and the third most populous city in the United Kingdom, as of the 2017 estimated city population of 621,020. Historically allocation of Lanarkshire, the city now forms the Glasgow City council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland; the local authority is Glasgow City Council. Glasgow is situated on the River Clyde in the country’s West Central Lowlands. It is the fifth most visited city in the UK.
Inhabitants of the city are referred to as “Glaswegians” or, informally, as “Weegies”. Glasgow is then known for the Glasgow patter, a sure dialect of the Scots language that is noted for being difficult to comprehend by those from external the city.
Glasgow grew from a little rural settlement upon the River Clyde to become the largest seaport in Scotland, and tenth largest by tonnage in Britain. Expanding from the medieval bishopric and royal burgh, and the later introduction of the University of Glasgow in the fifteenth century, it became a major middle of the Scottish Enlightenment in the eighteenth century. From the eighteenth century onwards, the city moreover grew as one of Great Britain’s main hubs of transatlantic trade later North America and the West Indies.
With the onset of the Industrial Revolution, the population and economy of Glasgow and the surrounding region expanded hastily to become one of the world’s pre-eminent centres of chemicals, textiles and engineering; most notably in the shipbuilding and marine engineering industry, which produced many innovative and famous vessels. Glasgow was the “Second City of the British Empire” for much of the Victorian grow old and Edwardian period, although many cities argue the title was theirs.
In the late 19th and to the lead 20th centuries, Glasgow’s population grew rapidly, reaching a peak of 1,127,825 people in 1938. Comprehensive urban renewal projects in the 1960s resulted in large-scale relocation of people to designated extra towns, such as Cumbernauld, Livingston, East Kilbride and peripheral suburbs, followed by successive boundary changes. This process edited the population of the City of Glasgow council area to an estimated 615,070, with 1,209,143 people animated in the Greater Glasgow urban area. The wider metropolitan Place is home to exceeding 1,800,000 people, equating to on the subject of 33% of Scotland’s population. The city has one of the highest densities of any locality in Scotland at 4,023/km2.