Kingston on Thames (spelled taking into consideration hyphens until 1965 and sometimes edited to Kingston), is a town, former manor, ecclesiastical parish and borough now within Greater London, England, formerly within the county of Surrey. It is situated upon the River Thames, about 33 feet (10 m) above sea level and 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Charing Cross (deemed the geographical centre of London). It is notable as the ancient make known town in which Saxon kings were crowned and today is the administrative middle of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames.
The large historic parish of Kingston became absorbed in radical times into the Municipal Borough of Kingston-upon-Thames, reformed in 1835 and from 1893 has been the location of Surrey County Hall, extraterritorially in terms of local dealing out administration.[clarification needed] Since 1965 Kingston has been a allowance of Greater London.
Today most of the town centre is allocation of the KT1 postcode area, but some areas north of Kingston railway station are within KT2. The United Kingdom Census 2011 recorded the population of the town (comprising the four wards of Canbury, Grove, Norbiton and Tudor) as 43,013, while the borough overall counted 175,470. Kingston is identified as a metropolitan middle in the London Plan and is today a major retail centre, one of the biggest in the UK, receiving 18 million visitors a year.