Kirkcaldy (/kərˈkɔːdi/ (listen); Scottish Gaelic: Cair Chaladain) is a town and former royal burgh in Fife, on the east coast of Scotland. It is nearly 11.6 miles (19 km) north of Edinburgh and 27.6 miles (44 km) south-southwest of Dundee. The town had a recorded population of 49,460 in 2011, making it Fife’s second-largest harmony and the 12th most populous treaty in Scotland.
Kirkcaldy has long been nicknamed the Lang Toun (listen (help·info); Scots for “long town”) in insinuation to the to come town’s 0.9-mile (1.4 km) main street, as indicated on maps from the 16th and 17th centuries. The street would finally achieve a length of approximately 4 miles (6.4 km), connecting the burgh to the neighbouring settlements of Linktown, Pathhead, Sinclairtown and Gallatown, which became allocation of the town in 1876. The formerly separate burgh of Dysart was also progressive absorbed into Kirkcaldy in 1930 below an engagement of Parliament.
The area around Kirkcaldy has been inhabited in the past the Bronze Age. The first document to deliver to the town is from 1075, when Malcolm III settled the agreement to the church of Dunfermline. David I difficult gave the burgh to Dunfermline Abbey, which had succeeded the church: a status which was officially recognised by Robert I in 1327. The town abandoned gained its independence from Abbey believe to be when it was created a royal burgh by Charles I in 1644.
From the forward 16th century, the introduction of a harbour at the East Burn confirmed the town’s further on role as an important trading port. The town also began to fabricate around the salt, coal mining and nail making industries.The production of linen which followed in 1672 was forward-thinking instrumental in the inauguration of floorcloth in 1847 by linen manufacturer, Michael Nairn. In 1877 this in outlook contributed to linoleum, which became the town’s most wealthy industry: Kirkcaldy was a world producer until well into the mid-1960s. The town expanded considerably in the 1950s and 1960s, though the decline of the linoleum industry and extra manufacturing restricted its accrual thereafter.
Today, the town is a major service centre for the central Fife area. Public facilities supplement a main leisure centre, theatre, museum and art gallery, three public parks and an ice rink. Kirkcaldy is assumed name the birthplace of social philosopher and economist Adam Smith who wrote his magnum opus The Wealth of Nations in the town. In the in advance 21st century, employment is dominated by the support sector: the biggest employer in the town is PayWizard, formerly known as MGT plc (call centre). Other main employers tally NHS Fife, Forbo (vinyl floor coverings), Fife College, Whitworths (flour millers) and Smith Anderson (paper making).