Lichfield (/ˈlɪtʃfiːld/) is a cathedral city and civil parish in Staffordshire, England. Lichfield is situated in bank account to 16 mi (26 km) north of Birmingham, 9 miles (14 km) from Walsall and 13 miles (21 km) from Burton Upon Trent. At the times of the 2011 Census the population was estimated at 32,219 and the wider Lichfield District at 100,700.
Notable for its three-spired medieval cathedral, Lichfield was the birthplace of Samuel Johnson, the writer of the first authoritative Dictionary of the English Language. The city’s recorded history began later Chad of Mercia arrived to support his Bishopric in 669 AD and the concurrence grew as the ecclesiastical middle of Mercia. In 2009, the Staffordshire Hoard, the largest stock of Anglo-Saxon gold and silver metalwork, was found 5.9 km (3.7 mi) south-west of Lichfield.
The development of the city was consolidated in the 12th century under Roger de Clinton, who fortified the Cathedral Close and moreover laid out the town as soon as the ladder-shaped street pattern that survives to this day. Lichfield’s heyday was in the 18th century, when it developed into a well-to-do coaching city. This was a time of great smart activity, the city beast the house of many famous people including Samuel Johnson, David Garrick, Erasmus Darwin and Anna Seward, and prompted Johnson’s remark that Lichfield was “a city of philosophers”.
Today, the city still retains its outdated importance as an ecclesiastical centre, and its industrial and billboard development has been limited. The centre of the city has exceeding 230 listed buildings (including many examples of Georgian architecture), and preserves much of its historic character.