Middlesbrough (/ˈmɪdəlzbrə/ (listen) MID-əlz-brə) is a large post-industrial town in North Yorkshire, England. The local council, a unitary authority, is Middlesbrough Borough Council. The 2011 Census recorded the borough’s sum resident population as 138,400 and the wider urban concurrence with a population of 174,700 making it the largest settlement within the ceremonial County of North Yorkshire. Middlesbrough is allocation of the larger built-up Place of Teesside which had an overall population of 376,333 at the 2011 Census.
Middlesbrough became a county borough within the North Riding of Yorkshire in 1889. In 1968 the borough was merged later a number of others to form the County Borough of Teesside, which was absorbed in 1974 by the county of Cleveland. In 1996 Cleveland was abolished, and Middlesbrough Borough Council became a unitary authority within the county of North Yorkshire. Erimus (“We shall be” in Latin) was agreed as Middlesbrough’s saying in 1830. It recalls Fuimus (“We have been”) the axiom of the Norman/Scottish Bruce family, who were lords of Cleveland in the Middle Ages. The town’s coat of arms is an azure lion, from the arms of the Bruce family, a star, from the arms of Captain James Cook, and two ships, representing shipbuilding and maritime trade.