Milton Keynes (/kiːnz/ (listen) KEENZ (locally shortened to MK) is a large town in (ceremonial) Buckinghamshire, England, about 50 miles (80 km) north-west of London. It is the principal agreement of the Borough of Milton Keynes, a unitary authority. At the 2011 Census, its population was more or less 230,000; the Office for National Statistics estimates that it will accomplish 300,000 by 2025. The River Great Ouse forms its northern boundary; a tributary, the River Ouzel, meanders through its linear parks and balancing lakes. Approximately 25% of the urban Place is parkland or woodland and includes two SSIs.
In the 1960s, the UK Government fixed that a other generation of new towns in the South East of England was needed to advance housing congestion in London. This supplementary town (in planning documents, “new city”), Milton Keynes, was to be the biggest yet, with a seek population of 250,000 and a “designated area” of just about 22,000 acres (9,000 ha). At designation, its area incorporated the existing towns of Bletchley, Wolverton, and Stony Stratford, along once another fifteen villages and farmland in between. These settlements had an extensive historical record previously the Norman conquest; detailed archaeological investigations prior to fee revealed evidence of human action from the Neolithic age to ahead of its time times, including in particular the Milton Keynes Hoard of Bronze Age gold jewellery. The government time-honored a Development Corporation (MKDC) to design and lecture to this New City. The Corporation decided on a softer, more human-scaled landscape than in the earlier English further towns but with an emphatically modernist architecture. Recognising how standard towns and cities had become choked in traffic, they established a ‘relaxed’ grid of distributor roads approximately 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) between edges, leaving the spaces along with to develop more organically. An extensive network of shared paths for leisure cyclists and pedestrians criss-crosses through and in the company of them. Again rejecting the residential tower blocks that had been as a result recently all the rage but unloved, they set a peak limit of three stories uncovered the planned centre.
Facilities augment a 1,400-seat theatre, a municipal art gallery, two multiplex cinemas, an ecumenical central church, a 400-seat concert hall, a teaching hospital, a 30,500-seat football stadium, an indoor ski-slope and a 65,000-capacity open-air concert venue. There are five railway stations (one inter-city). The Open University is based here and there is a campus of the University of Bedfordshire. Most sports are represented at amateur level; Red Bull Racing (Formula One), MK Dons (association football) and Milton Keynes Lightning (ice hockey) are its professional teams. The Peace Pagoda overlooking Willen Lake was the first such to be built in Europe.
Milton Keynes has one of the more well-to-do economies in the UK, ranked highly adjoining a number of criteria. As one of the UK’s summit five fastest growing centres, it has benefited consistently from above-average economic growth. It has the fifth highest number of business startups per capita (but equally of business failures). It is home to several major national and international companies. Despite this economic attainment and personal loads for some, there are pockets of nationally significant poverty. The employment profile is composed of just about 90% service industries and 9% manufacturing.