Portsmouth (/ˈpɔːrtsməθ/ (listen)) is a port city in Hampshire, England, mainly on Portsea Island, 70 miles (110 km) south-west of London and 19 miles (31 km) south-east of Southampton. It is the United Kingdom’s single-handedly island city and has a population of 205,400. The city forms ration of the South Hampshire built-up area, which in addition to covers Southampton and the towns of Havant, Waterlooville, Eastleigh, Fareham, and Gosport.
The city’s history can be traced support to Roman times. A significant naval harbor for centuries, Portsmouth has the world’s oldest teetotal dock. In the sixteenth century, Portsmouth was England’s first lineage of defence during the French belligerence of 1545. By the early nineteenth century, the world’s first deposit production extraction was set in the works in Portsmouth Dockyard’s Block Mills, making it the most industrialised site in the world and birthplace of the Industrial Revolution. Portsmouth was afterward the most heavily fortified town in the world, and was considered “the world’s greatest naval port” at the height of the British Empire throughout Pax Britannica. Defences known as the Palmerston Forts were built roughly speaking Portsmouth in 1859 in anticipation of another offensive from continental Europe.
In 1926, Portsmouth was officially elevated in status from a town to a city. The motto “Heaven’s Light Our Guide”, a mention to the city’s eight-pointed star and crescent moon emblem, was registered to the City of Portsmouth in 1929. During the Second World War, the city of Portsmouth was bombed extensively in the Portsmouth Blitz, which resulted in the deaths of 930 people. In 1944, Portsmouth was the pivotal embarkation reduction for the D-Day landings of 6 June 1944. In 1982, a large proportion of the task force dispatched to liberate the Falkland Islands deployed from the city’s naval base. Her Majesty’s Yacht Britannia left the city to oversee the transfer of Hong Kong in 1997, which marked for many the stop of the empire. In 1997, Portsmouth became a Unitary Authority, with Portsmouth City Council attainment powers of a non-metropolitan county and district council combined, responsibilities in the past held by Hampshire County Council.
Portsmouth is one of the world’s best known ports. HMNB Portsmouth is considered to be the house of the Royal Navy and is house to two-thirds of the UK’s surface fleet. The city is home to some well-known ships, including HMS Warrior, the Tudor carrack Mary Rose and Horatio Nelson’s flagship, HMS Victory (the world’s oldest naval ship still in commission). The former HMS Vernon naval shore opening has been redeveloped as a retail park known as Gunwharf Quays. Portsmouth is among the few British cities behind two cathedrals: the Anglican Cathedral of St Thomas and the Roman Catholic Cathedral of St John the Evangelist. The wharf and Portsmouth Harbour are dominated by the Spinnaker Tower, one of the United Kingdom’s tallest structures at 170 metres (560 ft). Southsea, an Place in Portsmouth, is a seaside resort following an amusement arcade upon Clarence Pier.
Portsmouth F.C., the city’s professional football club, play their home games at Fratton Park in the Milton Place of the city, near Fratton railway station. Portsmouth has several mainline railway stations that affix to Brighton, Cardiff, London Victoria and London Waterloo amongst new lines in southern England. Portsmouth International Port is a want ad cruise boat and ferry harbor for international destinations. The harbor is the second busiest in the United Kingdom after Dover, handling as regards three million passengers a year. The city formerly had its own airport, Portsmouth Airport, until its closure in 1973. The University of Portsmouth enrols 23,000 students and is ranked in the course of the world’s best protester universities. Portsmouth is furthermore the birthplace of author Charles Dickens, engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and former Prime Minister James Callaghan.