Rochdale /ˈrɒtʃdeɪl/ is a town in Greater Manchester, England, at the foothills of the South Pennines in the dale upon the River Roch, 5.3 miles (8.5 km) northwest of Oldham and 9.8 miles (15.8 km) northeast of Manchester. It is the administrative middle of the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, which had a population of 211,690 in 2013.
Historically allowance of Lancashire, Rochdale’s recorded history begins subsequently an gate in the Domesday Book of 1086 under
“Recedham Manor”. The ancient parish of Rochdale was a hostility of the hundred of Salford and one of the largest ecclesiastical parishes in England, comprising several townships. By 1251, Rochdale had become important acceptable to have been fixed a Royal charter. Rochdale flourished into a middle of northern England’s woollen trade, and by the further on 18th century was described as being “remarkable for many wealthy merchants”.
Rochdale rose to stress in the 19th century as a mill town and centre for textile fabricate during the Industrial Revolution. It was a boomtown of the Industrial Revolution, and between the first industrialised towns. The Rochdale Canal—one of the major navigable spacious canals of the United Kingdom—was a highway of commerce during this epoch used for the haulage of cotton, wool and coal to and from the area. The socioeconomic change brought by the achievement of Rochdale’s textile industry in the 19th century led to its rise to borough status and it remained a dominant unity in its region. However, during the 20th century Rochdale’s spinning capability declined towards an eventual halt.
Rochdale is the birthplace of the unbiased Co-operative Movement, to which beyond one billion people worldwide belonged in 2012. The Rochdale Equitable Pioneers Society was founded in 1844 by 28 local residents as a reaction to the high cost and frequent adulteration of basic foodstuffs by shopkeepers at the time. The Pioneers were notable for combining the notion of the patronage dividend alongside investing trading surplus for devotee benefit, especially in education. The Rochdale Principles, the set of ideals which underpinned the society, are nevertheless used, in updated form, by the International Co-operative Alliance. The Rochdale Pioneers shop was the precursor to The Co-operative Group, the largest consumer co-operative in the world.
Rochdale today is a predominantly residential town. Rochdale Town Hall—a Grade I listed building—dates from 1871 and is one of the United Kingdom’s finest examples of Victorian Gothic revival architecture.