Sheriff Hill is a suburb in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead in Tyne and Wear, England. It lies upon the B1296 road 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Gateshead, 2.5 miles (4.0 km) south of Newcastle on Tyne and 12 miles (19 km) north of the historic city of Durham. According to the 2001 UK census it had a population of 5,051.
Historically portion of Gateshead Fell in County Durham, Sheriff Hill was the site of a fight between William the Conqueror and Malcolm III of Scotland in 1068. A road was built through Gateshead Fell in the forward 13th century, attracting some settlers. A procession of bishops, sheriffs and noblemen known as the Sheriff’s March took place on the road in 1282 and continued biannually until the 1830s. By then, Gateshead Fell had been enclosed and a village had grown regarding the road, largely populated by an influx of tinkers, coalminers in force at Sheriff Hill Colliery and workers at the local pottery, mill and sandstone quarry. By the slope of the 20th century these industries were in steep decline. The local authority built a large council estate at Sheriff Hill to alleviate risky overcrowding in Gateshead, effectively turning the Place into a residential suburb. It ceased to be an independent village upon 1 April 1974 when it was incorporated into the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead under the terms of the Local Government Act 1972.
Now allowance of the local council ward of High Fell, the suburb is economically disadvantaged compared with additional areas of the borough and nationally, with high levels of unemployment. Sheriff Hill was the site of one of Gateshead’s largest boarding schools but as of 2012, the only remaining educational start is Glynwood Primary School. The suburb along with contains the Queen Elizabeth Hospital – the largest hospital in Gateshead, a small dene and a little park. The principal landmark is St John the Evangelist Church, one of three Grade II listed buildings in the Place and one of two long-lasting churches. The southern decline of Sheriff’s Highway – the main road through the suburb, is greater than 500 feet (150 m) above sea level, making it the highest tapering off in Gateshead.