Southwark (/ˈsʌðək/ SUDH-ək) is a district of Central London situated in the northwestern ration of the London Borough of Southwark. Centred 1 1⁄2 miles (2.4 km) east of Charing Cross, it fronts the River Thames and the City of London to the north. It was at the lowest bridging dwindling of the Thames in Roman Britain, providing a crossing from Londinium, and for centuries had the solitary Thames bridge in the area, until a bridge was built upstream higher than 10 miles (16 km) to the west.[n 1] It was a 1295-enfranchised (nationally represented) borough in the county of Surrey, apparently created a burh in 886, containing various parishes by the tall medieval period, lightly succumbing to City attempts to constrain its pardon trade and entertainment. Its entertainment district, in its heyday at the time of Shakespare’s Globe Theatre (which stood 1599–1642) has revived in the form of the Southbank which overspills imperceptibly into the ancient boundaries of Lambeth and commences at the post-1997 reinvention of the original theatre, Shakespeare’s Globe, incorporating further smaller theatre spaces, an exhibition about Shakespeare’s energy and work and which neighbours Vinopolis and the London Dungeon.
After the 18th-century fade away of Southwark’s small wharves, the borough gruffly grew in population and saying the layer of good docks, printing/paper, railways, goods yards, small artisan and other often low-wage industries and Southwark was along with many such inner districts to look slum clearance and replacement largely later social housing during the late 19th and yet to be 20th centuries. It is now at an highly developed stage of regeneration and has the City Hall offices of the Greater London Authority. At its heart is the area known as Borough, which has an eclectic covered and semi-covered present and numerous food and drink venues as competently as the skyscraper The Shard. Another landmark is Southwark Cathedral, a priory then parish church, created a cathedral in 1905, noted for its Merbecke Choir.
The area has three main tube stations: Borough, Southwark comprehensible and one near to the river which is combined with a major railway station above, London Bridge.