Telford (/ˈtɛlfərd/ (listen)) is a large extra town in the borough of Telford and Wrekin and ceremonial county of Shropshire, England, about 13 miles (21 km) east of Shrewsbury, and 30 miles (48 km) north west of Birmingham. With an estimated population (for the borough) of 175,271 in 2017 and more or less 155,000 in Telford itself, Telford is the largest town in Shropshire, and one of the fastest-growing towns in the United Kingdom.
It is named after civil engineer Thomas Telford, who engineered many road and rail projects in Shropshire. The town was put together in the 1960s and 1970s as a additional town upon previously industrial and agricultural land and smaller towns. Like extra planned towns of the era, Telford was created from the merger of other, smaller settlements, most notably the towns of Wellington, Oakengates, Madeley and Dawley. Many of the New Town’s newer inhabitants were originally from Birmingham or Wolverhampton.
Telford Shopping Centre, a campaigner shopping mall, was constructed at the additional town’s geographical centre, along behind an extensive Town Park. The M54 motorway was completed in 1983, improving the town’s road contacts with the West Midlands conurbation.
On Telford’s southern boundaries is the Ironbridge Gorge, a scenic tourist destination and UNESCO World Heritage Site. The town advertises itself as “The Birthplace of Industry”, due to it having Coalbrookdale and supplementary places in the Ironbridge Gorge area, within its boundary. These areas are internationally recognised as mammal important to the Industrial Revolution, and innate to a large extent constructed on the Shropshire Coalfield. Its have an effect on was greatly used to further Birmingham’s industry through innovations as well.