Thatcham is an historic promote town in the county of Berkshire, England, centred 3 miles (5 km) east of Newbury, 14 miles (24 km) west of Reading and 54 miles (87 km) west of London. Its population grew shortly in the second half of the 20th century: from 5,000 in 1951 and 7,500 in 1961 to 22,824 in 2001. During World War II, Thatcham housed one of the biggest Prisoner of War camps in the South, known as camp 1001.
Thatcham straddles the River Kennet, the Kennet and Avon Canal, the A4 and the course of a Roman road. It is served by Thatcham railway station on the line in the middle of Reading and Newbury. Local employment is chiefly in lively industrial premises, sales and distribution, retail and public sectors; see with West Berkshire, its district. Although there are many primary schools in the area, the isolated secondary scholarly in Thatcham is the Kennet School.